Disease & Plant Health
Healthy plants have firm leaves, well-formed flowers and fruit, and well-developed root systems.
Unhealthy plants show damage to leaves, stems, roots, flowers or fruit.
REMEMBER TO LOOK UNDER THE LEAVES FOR SIGNS OF PESTS & DISEASES
A pest is an animal that damages plants.
Pests can kill plants, slow their growth and damage stems, leaves, flowers and fruit. A host is a plant on which the pest feeds. Some pests can also introduce diseases into plants.
There are two main types of plant pests: chewing and sucking.
IDENTIFYING PESTS & DISEASES IN THE GARDEN
Treatment - SPRAY WITH INSECTICIDE LIKE AQUATICUS BUGTROL (UNDER LEAVES TOO)
Most general-purpose contact insecticides containing pyrethrins will help deal with them. Make sure you spray under the leaves to catch all the leafhoppers. The adults will leap away when the spray falls near them, so repeated sprays may be needed to destroy the survivors. It is better to spray at night when less active.
With contact insecticides you'll have to ensure that all parts of the plant are covered, and several sprayings may be needed to give good control.
Spray with Insecticides on roses and ornamentals. Both kill rapidly without any leaf burn or marking.
We recommend the use of AQUATICUS GLOW as preventative treatment once the infestation is under control.
Kiwicare also offer some great natural and BioGro® certified alternatives to deal with leaf hoppers in your garden. Organic Super Spraying Oil sprayed directly on leaf hoppers and their fluffy bum juveniles will control them. Do not spray in hot sunny conditions as burning can occur.
Treatment - SPRAY WITH KIWICARE PLANT HEALTH SPECTRUM (UNDER LEAVES TOO)
If your plants already have an infestation you can squash them between your fingers but this might be difficult on more than a few buds. Use a Kiwicare PLANThealth Spectrum concentrate to spray the affected parts of the plants.
Make sure the undersides of leaves and inside curled leaves are treated.
DIRECTIONS FOR PLANT HEALTH SPECTRUM
Mix 10 ml per 1 L of clean water.
Spray foliage until run off occurs.
Spray leaves on both the upper and lower surfaces as complete coverage is required for effective control.
Apply every 10-14 days.
For a great natural and BioGro® certified alternative try Organic Super Spraying Oil to suffocate the aphids on contact but do not spray in the middle of the day as the sun can reflect onto the oil and burn the plant.
A disease is caused by bacteria, fungi, and viruses.
Diseases are caused by fungi, bacteria or viruses.
Disease prevents plants functioning properly and interferes with growth and development. It can be difficult to work out exactly what has caused a particular disease, as many plant diseases have similar signs.
Fungi are plants that cannot make their own food and rely on other plants or animals (dead or living).
Many fungi are beneficial, but some can damage or destroy the leaves, stems or roots of plants. They may attack and grow into and through the plant tissues as a mass of fine threads, feeding on plant cells as they spread.
Fungi reproduce by spores, and can spread rapidly. They prefer damp warm conditions for growth and reproduction.